How To Care For Your Child's Ear Tubes
Ear tubes help protect your child from ear infections, middle-ear fluid (liquid behind the eardrum), and the hearing problems that go along with them. Most tubes last about 6 to 18 months, allowing many children time to outgrow their ear problems. Most tubes fall out by themselves. The chance of a tube falling in, instead of out is very rare. Tubes that do not come out after 3 or more years may need to be removed by your doctor.
Possible Complications of Ear Tubes
Complications of ear tubes are usually minor. Some children develop a white mark or patch on the eardrum which is called sclerosis. It does not affect your child's hearing or future chance of ear infections. Some children develop a small depression or pocket in the eardrum at the tube site after it falls out. Again, this does not affect hearing and rarely requires treatment. About 1-2 out of every 100 children will develop a small hole (perforation) of the eardrum after the tube falls out. The hole will often close on its own over-time, but if it does not, it can be patched in the operating room.
Ear Tubes and Water Precautions
Some children with ear tubes wear ear plugs when swimming. The ear plugs keep water out of the ear canal and out of the ear tube. However, water does not usually go through the tube during swimming. As a result, ear plugs are not necessary for most children.
Although most children with tubes do not need ear plugs, they may be necessary in the following situations:
- Pain or discomfort when water enters the ear canal
- Discharge or drainage is observed coming out of the ear canal
- Frequent or prolonged episodes of ear discharge
Other times when ear plugs may be needed on an individual basis are:
- Swimming more than 6 feet under water
- Swimming in lakes or non-chlorinated pools
- Dunking head in the bathtub (soapy water has a lower surface tension than plain water)
A variety of soft, fitted ear plugs are available, if needed, as are special neoprene headbands to cover the ears. Never use "Playdoh" or "Silly Putty" as an earplug, because it can become trapped in the ear canal and require surgical removal. Once the tube becomes blocked or comes out, ear plugs are not needed if there is no hole in the eardrum.
Ear Tube Follow-up and Aftercare
Routine follow-up with your Primary Care Physician or with your Ear Surgeon should be performed at least once yearly.